Question 1: What kind of pigmentation do I have?
Below is a simplified schema of three types of pigmentation most commonly encountered. They can be roughly differentiated by top to deep skin layer, which guides treatment.
Question 2: How did I get them?
Sun greatly increase formation of PIH. Avoid sun exposure. You will need “Suppression Therapy”: Daily application of Cosmeceuticals that suppress melanocyte from being activated by heat and sun.
Factors that stimulate melanocytes:
Melanocytes suppression therapy topicals:
Consider anti – inflammatory detox diet and good sleep, exercise, and taking anti-oxidants supplements. IV infusion of Liver Detox / anti-aging/skin lightening program is available. Learn more about IV detox here.
Question 3: How to tell Superficial sun spots/pigmentation (in the top layer, the Epidermis) from deeper pigmentation Melasma (in the bottom layer, the Dermis)?
Question 4: How are they treated?
2. Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH) with Spectra Laser
3. Melasma with Spectra Laser
At Skin Perfect Brothers, we’ve been treating Melasma for the past 12 years. We use a laser that involves minimal to zero heat source, nor does it involve any peeling of the skin. Unlike other laser or chemical peel methods, the Spectra laser penetrates deep into the Dermal layer, and shatters the patch of Melasma into dust particles thanks to Shock Wave technology. The lymphatics in the body then removes it by detoxing it out of the body!
It is unknown so far, but research has point to hormonal imbalance, stress, excessive heat, pregnancy, genetics, certain medications (such as antidepressants and blood pressure medications), inappropriate and unsupervised use of bleaching creams, and ultimately the damaging effects of sun exposure, which can dramatically increase Melasma. Two factors to watch for when receiving treatments for Melasma:
Chemical peels and lasers (Cosmelon, VI Peels, and Obagi fraxel lasers, CO2 lasers, and other fractionated lasers) are all possible treatments.
However, the melanocyte which is the cell that produces Melasma gets irritated by:
Spectra Q switch laser is an absolutely safe option for all skin types and colors. Pico Q switch laser is not FDA approved for melasma although it’s good for Tattoo removal and surface pigmentation.
This is a very simple lunch time procedure. It only takes 30 minutes and you can return to work immediately after treatment.