Acne

how to treat acne

Acne is a relatively common condition which tends to affect areas of the face or body with the densest sebaceous follicles, i.e. the face, chest and back.

Causes of acne:

1. Oil production

2. Bacteria overgrowth

3. Plugged pores

These three things interact to cause inflammation resulting in pimples that may be cystic (hardened under-the-skin), red, swollen, painful and filled with pus.

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Types of acne

Comedonal: Pimples that are dried, not red, and you can see either whiteheads or blackheads.  The comedones can get steamed then extracted using a metal extractor.  They respond best to Retin A and Benzoyl Peroxide.  This will keep the pores clean and minimize the number of blackheads and whiteheads popping up.

comedonal acne, comedones, blackheads

Infected: Usually red, painful, inflamed, and may contain pus, which means there is a large amount of bacteria inside.  When these heal they tend to leave behind “PIH” or pigmented scars of red or brown discoloration.  Either topical or oral antibiotic is good for this stage of acne.  Blue light or laser genesis can also vaporize the bacteria and lighten up the pigmented scars.

Cystic: This type of acne will form nodules that sometimes burrow deep into the skin. They form as a result of an enclosure of infected acne underneath the skin. They tend to heal by “eating” away at the skin.

Cystic Acne, red, swollen, painful
Hormonal: This type of acne will tend to show up or get worse before a menstrual period.  Hormonal changes as a woman ages can also trigger acne.  This reaction is the result of levels of estrogen dropping during this period allowing for stronger testosterone levels to affect the oil glands, which increase sebum production and promote plugging and inflammation of pores. Spironolactone is a good androgen and has been used by many dermatologists to treat hormonal acne effectively.
hormonal acne, pustule

Truncal: These are pimples that affect the back or the chest.  They usually appear as small red and pus-filled bumps.  They often  leave large brown spots (scars) all over the area.

truncle acne, back pimples
How to treat active acne?
 Laser Genesis
Acne Facial 
Spectra Laser 
LED Blue/Red light
Click on the links below for more information
How to treat pigmented scars or pitting scars?
Fraxel to Smooth out Scars
Dark Skin Acne Scars Skin Care Treatments
Causes of Hormonal Acne and Best Treatments
Acne Topical Cream for Treatment