The Mediterranean diet is a dietary pattern based on the traditional eating habits of countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The diet is characterized by high consumption of plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and whole grains, along with moderate consumption of fish and dairy, and low consumption of red meat and sweets.
Studies have shown that following the Mediterranean diet may have several health benefits, including reducing the risk of heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer. The high consumption of plant-based foods and healthy fats, such as olive oil and nuts, may help lower cholesterol and blood pressure levels. The diet is also rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds, which may have protective effects against chronic diseases.
In addition to the food choices, the Mediterranean diet also emphasizes the importance of social eating and physical activity. Meals are often shared with family and friends, and physical activity, such as walking or biking, is encouraged.
Overall, the Mediterranean diet is a healthy and balanced dietary pattern that has been associated with various health benefits.
The information provided is based on scientific research and widely accepted dietary guidelines.